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2021 Fall Forum

Washington Sports Venues Then and Now: Evolutions in Design

November 17, 2021

Town Hall Seattle & Virtual Event

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STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS FOUNDATION OF WASHINGTON

Event Information

The Structural Engineers Foundation of Washington presented "Washington Sports Venues Then and Now: Evolutions in Design," its 11th Fall Forum held both in person at Town Hall Seattle and virtually on Wednesday, November 17, 2021.

 

In 1915, back before the Supersonics were NBA champions, the Seahawks won the Superbowl, or the Bulldogs fought in the NCAA final, the very first Washington state professional team, the Seattle Metropolitans, started its quest for the Stanley Cup. Since that time, games have been won and lost, teams have come and gone, and the backdrop for both hard-fought victory and heartbreaking defeat has been one of the Washington state sports venues. The very experience of viewing Washington sports is shaped by the design and engineering of the stadiums, fields, arenas, pavilions, and facilities our teams call home. Just as hockey in Seattle has evolved and will now take to the ice as the Kraken, so have these venues been architecturally and structurally modernized and improved over time. SEFW invites you to the 11th Annual Fall Forum, where local historian and journalist Knute Berger will present the stories behind several Washington sports venues and moderate a panel discussion with three structural engineers who brought them to life. With special attention given to the revolutionary reincarnation of the Climate Pledge Arena, the event will showcase history and evolution of venues all over Washington, including Husky Stadium, Martin Stadium, and more. Join in to learn more about the venerated Washington sports venues of the past, present, and future.

 

 

More than 100 individuals attended the event in person, while another 225 viewed the virtual livestream. Attendees were from 7 states and 4 countries and represented many design firms, professional organizations, municipalities, universities, media publications, and tech companies.

 

First, Knute Berger talked about the history of several prominent state sports venues, focusing on the community aspect. He mentioned Sick’s Stadium (which is now a Lowe’s), Stadium High School, Rogers Field, and the Kingdome – a “giant concrete alien spaceship” which arguably drew its largest crowd at its implosion. He remarked on the “wise adaptive reuse” of the Seattle Coliseum into Climate Pledge Arena, and how it keeps with the original vision of the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair of “waste not, want not.” These iconic venues create peak moments of excitement, engagement, and emotional experience, and our community is richer for it.

 

(Be sure to check out an excellent article on Crosscut.com where Knute Berger reports his experience participating in the Fall Forum and offers additional insight on sports venues in Washington.)

 

Next Mark Aden, Principal at DCI Engineers in Spokane and Los Angeles, gave an overview of the $45 million renovation and expansion of Washington State University’s Martin Stadium. The project expanded the stadium by building over and around the existing IT building south of the south grandstand, which had fortunately been engineered with additional foundation and column capacity to support up to three decks of future seating. Using a performance-based design approach, the design was able to isolate the IT building from any new lateral loading, allowing the existing structure to provide vertical support for the new building while not triggering a seismic upgrade of any existing buildings, which would have been expensive. Slide bearings and hinge columns were used as isolation methods. The project was designed in six months and constructed in twelve months. A subsequent effort expanded the facility further with a new football operations building.

 

Following Mark, Jon Magnusson, Senior Principal at Magnusson Klemencic Associates in Seattle, presented a combined 200 years of University of Washington history, showcasing both the Hec Edmundson Pavilion and Husky Stadium. Hec Ed, home for university basketball and volleyball, opened as a multipurpose fieldhouse in 1927, with obstructed views from columns affecting about one third of the seats. The renovation in 2000 included a seismic upgrade, restoration of upper level windows (which were covered during WW2), and removal of the columns by transferring building load to a supertruss. In total, the vertical movement of the roof during construction was less than 3/8 of an inch! Today, there is not a single obstructed view in the house.

 

Jon also spoke of the origins and evolution of the UW football team’s Husky Stadium. The original 1920 structure was took just 6 months from the initial idea to the start of construction (!!!) and had a construction cost of only $500,000! Several additions and renovations occurred over the years, including the first south stands in 1950, a north stands in the mid 1960s, expansion to the north stands in the late 1980s, and the most recent south stands expansion in 2013. Jon spent quite a bit of time explaining the stadium collapse during construction in February 1987, giving insight into what went wrong and how the structural team discovered what went wrong, as well as some of the miraculous stories from that day where not a single person was injured.

 

Lastly, Steve Hofmeister, Principal at Thornton Tomasetti in Kansas City, presented the $1.1 billion transformation of the Seattle Coliseum-turned KeyArena into the Climate Pledge Arena. Steve outlined several features from the various efforts to highlight the evolution of the facility:

 

  • In 1965, the pavilion featured a seating bowl at grade.
  • In 1995, the renovation reinforced the 44-million-pound concrete roof with steel, dropped the seating bowl 35 feet, and expanded program space, with the entire expansion within the existing structure space.
  • The 2021 renovation lowered the seating bowl another 15 feet and expanded program space outward beyond existing structure. A 500-stall parking garage (and tunnel to accommodate a semi-truck!) was also added below grade.

 

The steel-reinforced roof from 1995 remains today, as does the original 1962 concrete structure and original curtain wall system on three sides.

 

Steve discussed the various challenges of design and construction, pointing out that traditionally the roof is the last thing to be built, but in this case the team was essentially building an all-new arena under a roof. The team joked they were building a “ship in a bottle.” The project also had to account for a new modern catwalk grid, speakers, lightshow equipment, scoreboards, and more, totaling 400,000 pounds of rigging capacity under the iconic roof.

 

The project drew in six Thornton Tomasetti practices from 10 worldwide offices, while the contractor Mortenson also brought in staff from all over the country. Steve remarked that the teamwork and collaboration led to zero clashes in the field, a truly monumental achievement – as if floating a 44-million-pound concrete roof in the air for over a year in a seismic zone wasn’t already impressive enough.

 

Finally, the four speakers joined onstage for a brief Q&A with the in-person audience members.

 

The event also included a few words from emcee and SEFW board member Melissa Verwest of Knife River in Spokane, who shared some of the SEFW successes for the year and took a moment to recognize Richal Smith, former SEFW board member and local structural engineer who passed away earlier in 2021. He will be missed.

 

Video Recording

A recording is available on the SEFW Vimeo page. Thank you to everyone who attended!

 

View the video on Vimeo here.

About our Speakers

Knute Berger is Seattle-area journalist journalist, television personality, and avid historian. He is an award-winning columnist for Crosscut.com, host of “Mossback’s Northwest” on KCTS9-TV, and author of several books, including a history of the Space Needle published for the 50th Anniversary of the Seattle World’s Fair. Knute grew up a couple of blocks from the late, lamented Sick’s Stadium in the Rainier Valley, home to the Seattle Rainiers and the Seattle Pilots, and watched the Kingdome get blown up in 2000. At the Forum, he will present a historical perspective on Washington sports venues and moderate Q&A with our structural engineer panelists.

Steve Hofmeister, P.E., S.E., is a managing principal and structural engineering practice co-leader at Thornton Tomasetti in Kansas City. With specialized expertise in signature sports and public assembly projects, he oversees the strategic, management and technical aspects of the firm’s work in that sector. With nearly four decades of professional experience, Steve has been responsible for several large-scale projects around the world. His portfolio includes Climate Pledge Arena in Seattle, Washington; U.S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota; MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey; Yankee Stadium in New York City; and Basrah Sports City in Iraq.

Jon Magnusson, P.E., S.E., is Senior Principal at Magnusson Klemencic Associates, headquartered in Seattle. Jon has served as structural engineering Principal-in-Charge for many major sports venues around the country, including the local icons of KeyArena, T-Mobile Park, Lumen Field, Hec Edmundson Pavilion renovation, and three major renovations of Husky Stadium. He has been with MKA for 45 years, including 25 years as CEO, and is a Life Member of SEAW, a Distinguished Member of ASCE, an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering in Washington, DC.

Mark Aden, P.E., S.E., is Principal at DCI Engineers. Mark joined DCI in 1998 and opened their first branch office in Spokane, served as President/CEO from 2007 to 2021, and most recently opened their office in downtown Los Angeles. Mark’s projects include the Washington State University Martin Stadium renovation, Gonzaga basketball arena, and Gonzaga soccer and baseball fields. Mark attended the first Seahawks game in the Kingdome, has been a Husky season ticket holders for 35 years, and has frozen his butt off at many an Apple Cup in Seattle or Pullman.

Corporate Partnerships

THANK YOU to our 2021-2022 Corporate Partners!

 

 

PLATINUM

Verco Decking

 

GOLD

Danny's Construction

DCI Engineers

Magnusson Klemencic Associates

PCS Structural Solutions

Seattle Structural

Thornton Tomasetti

 

SILVER

Anonymous Family Foundation

Cairncross & Hempelmann

Coffman Engineers

Contech Services

CoreBrace

CT Engineering

Degenkolb

Douglas Engineering

GLY Construction

Integrus Architecture

Knife River Prestress

KPFF Consulting Engineers

Lane Powell

Malsam Tsang Structural Engineering

Quantum Consulting Engineers

 

BRONZE

Armour Unsderfer Engineering

AssuredPartners Design Professionals

Barb & Ted Smith

BTL Engineering

CG Engineering

Charlie Griffes & Marty Gordon

Clearwater Construction

Coughlin Porter Lundeen

Dewalt

Dibble Engineers

Hilti

LSB Engineering

Mark & Linda D'Amato

Mayes Terracon

MC Squared

Simpson Strong-tie

Stoneway Concrete

Wetherholt & Associates

Wiss Janney Elstner Associates, Inc.

 

COOPERATING ORGANIZATIONS

ACE Mentor Program of Washington

American Institute of Architects, Seattle Chapter

American Institute of Architects, Spokane Chapter

American Institute of Steel Construction

ASCE, Seattle Section

ASCE, University of Washington Chapter

Center for Transportation Infrastructure Durability & Life Extension

Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute

HistoryLink

Northwest Concrete Masonry Association

Seattle Architecture Foundation

Seattle University Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Washington Association of Building Officials

Washington State University Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Urban Land Institute

 

FRIENDS OF THE FOUNDATION

Aaron Pleskac

Benjamin Enfield

Bill Maibusch

Craig Keller

David Goodyear

Greg Briggs

Greg Schindler

John Tawresey

Joyce Lem

Justin Marshall

Kevin Solberg

Marga Rose Hancock

Matthew Copus

Patrick Leewens

Peter Hart

Richard Hemmen

Richard Hudson

Tom Young

To make a donation, please contact the SEFW administrator at admin@sefw.org or 206.451.7475. You may also contact any of our Board of Directors with a pledge.

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